1. 1990
    Douglas Tompkins founds the Foundation for Deep Ecology (FDE). A private charitable foundation, FDE supports environmental activism through grantmaking, campaigns, and a publishing program.
    Visit FDE's website
  2. 1991
    Doug purchases a run-down coastal farm on the Reñihué fjord in southern Chile. He starts buying land to form Pumalín Park and restoring the farm, aiming to make thoughtful, organic production compatible with conservation.
    Visit Pumalín Park's website
  3. 1992
    The Conservation Land Trust created: Doug endows CLT, a private operating foundation, to acquire land for Pumalín Park, and support other land conservation projects in Chile and Argentina.
    Visit CLT's website
  4. 1993
    Kristine McDivitt: Doug and Kris get married and begin sharing their conservation work.
  5. FDE convenes the first of two gatherings of leading thinkers about the perils of megatechnology, symposia that birth the Jacques Ellul Society.
  6. 1994
    The Conservation Land Trust, in partnership with American philanthropist Peter Buckley, acquires roughly 208,000 acres along the southern Chilean coast near the Corcovado Volcano. This land eventually becomes part of Corcovado National Park.
    Read more about Corcovado National Park
  7. FDE publishes Clearcut: The Tragedy of Industrial Forestry, the first in an ongoing series of photo-format books designed to stimulate activism on ecological issues.
    Read more
  8. FDE brings key activists from around the world together to develop a common framework of resistance to economic globalization. This conversation launches the International Forum on Globalization (IFG).
    Visit International Forum on Globalization's website
  9. 1995
    IFG is spun-off from a foundation project to become an independent nonprofit, and organizes a massive, multiday teach-in on globalization in New York City with FDE support. Similar teach-ins would be held around the globe in subsequent years, helping grow the anti-globalization movement.
  10. 1996
    CLT continues land purchases for Pumalín Park, a process that lasts nearly a decade and results in a protected area of more than 711,000 acres; 99 percent of the acreage is purchased from absentee landowners.
    Visit Pumalín Park's website
  11. 1997
    Esteros de Iberá Project begins: CLT begins a major project in northeastern Argentina’s Corrientes Province by purchasing Estancia San Alonso, a cattle ranch in the middle of the Iberá wetlands. In the subsequent decade, CLT purchases almost 350,000 acres for conservation and grassland restoration in the area.
    Read more about the Iberá Project
  12. 1998
    CLT and partners provide funding to buy the Estancia Yendegaia on Tierra del Fuego in Chile’s XIII region; the conservation area is later transferred to the Yendegaia Foundation for continued administration and stewardship.
    Read more about Yendegaia
  13. CLT–Argentina, a subsidiary of The Conservation Land Trust, is founded to administer land and wildlife recovery projects in the Iberá region of Corrientes Province.
  14. 1999
    Turning Point Project: FDE conceives and is a primary funder of the Turning Point Project, an independent organization that runs an unprecedented advocacy advertising campaign, publishing full-page ads in the New York Times over a six-month period. Topics include the extinction crisis, industrial agriculture, economic globalization, and biotechnology.
  15. 2000
    Conservacion Patagonica founded: Kris Tompkins founds the Patagonia Land Trust (the name was later changed to Conservacion Patagonica), to create national parks in Patagonia that save and restore key ecosystems, inspire care for Nature, and generate healthy economic opportunities for local communities.
    Visit CP's website
  16. CP funds the purchase of 165,000 acres of land in southern Argentina that is subsequently donated to the Argentine National Parks Administration to create Monte León National Park, the country’s first national park on the mainland coast.
    Read more about Monte León National Park
  17. 2002
    Fatal Harvest and Welfare Ranching: FDE publishes the photo-format activist books Fatal Harvest: The Tragedy of Industrial Agriculture and Welfare Ranching: Subsidized Destruction of the American West.
    Read more about Fatal Harvest
    Read more about Welfare Ranching
  18. To continue the conservation work in Iberá, Doug Tompkins purchases the Pérez-Companc forestry company, thus acquiring various tree plantations and cattle ranches totaling more than 272,000 acres. A small but crucial part of the acreage along the Iberá marshlands is later spun off for habitat preservation without any resource extraction.
  19. 2003
    A major, multiyear program of ecological restoration commences on the properties acquired from the Pérez-Companc forestry company. Estancia Aña Cuá, Estancia El Tránsito, and other ranches will become models of sustainable, organic production, helping buffer the Iberá marshlands.
    Read more about our farms in Argentina
  20. 2004
    Patagonia National Park project begins: Conservacion Patagonica purchases Estancia Valle Chacabuco, a 175,000-acre sheep ranch in Chile’s Aysen Province, with the plan of creating and donating a new national park to the Chilean park system.
    Read more about the Patagonia Park project
  21. 2005
    Pumalín designated Nature Sanctuary: Fundación Pumalín, a Chilean nongovernmental organization, is incorporated, dedicated to preserving Pumalín Park. On July 19th, Pumalín Park becomes an official Nature Sanctuary under Chilean law, and President Ricardo Lagos visits the park for the dedication ceremony.
  22. Corcovado National Park created: To spur creation of a new national park, CLT and Peter Buckley donate their property near the Corcovado Volcano to the Chilean people. With some adjacent military land incorporated, Corcovado National Park, at nearly 730,000 acres, becomes the sixth largest park in Chile.
    Read more about Corcovado National Park
  23. The Selected Works of Arne Naess is published. The Foundation for Deep Ecology funded and developed this ten-volume series, which collects six decades of writings by the Norwegian philosopher and father of deep ecology.
    Read more
  24. 2006
    FDE publishes the photo-format activist book Wildfire: A Century of Failed Forest Policy, which promotes wildfire as a vital ecological agent in healthy ecosystems.
    Read more
  25. 2007
    Laguna Blanca Farm bought: Kris and Doug Tompkins purchase Laguna Blanca, a 7,420-acre farm in Entre Ríos Province, Argentina, and the nearby Alto Feliciano farm, converting the properties from conventional to organic production.
    Read more about Laguna Blanca
  26. CLT donates roughly 727,000 acres of land comprising Pumalín Park to the Chilean Pumalín Foundation. This donation acts as the first step toward moving Pumalín to national park status, part of the long-term plan to move all land from private to public control.
    Visit Pumalín Park's website
  27. FDE publishes the photo-format activist book Thrillcraft: The Environmental Consequences of Motorized Recreation, which documents the growing motorized assault on public lands around the United States.
    Read more
  28. CP begins construction of The Lodge at Valle Chacabuco, the first public-access facility at the future Patagonia National Park. When complete, the park will have some of the highest-quality park infrastructure found in the Americas.
    Read more about The Lodge at Valle Chacabuco
  29. 2008
    FDE publishes Wildlands Philanthropy: This photo-format book celebrates protected natural areas from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego saved by American conservationists using private funding and initiative. The book receives multiple honors, including a Benjamin Franklin Award gold medal.
    Read more
  30. CP purchases an additional 21,000 acres of contiguous land for the Patagonia National Park effort, initiates research on huemul deer–puma interaction (the first study of its kind in Chile), and continues construction of park buildings, including employee housing.
    Read more about the Patagonia Park project
  31. 2009
    Kris and Doug Tompkins purchase a second farm, Malambo, in Entre Ríos Province, Argentina, just a few kilometers from its sister farm Laguna Blanca. Both are highly agriculturally diverse farms, producing organically over a dozen grains and 17 varieties of fruits and nuts.
    Read more about Malambo
  32. FDE publishes the photo-format activist book Plundering Appalachia: The Tragedy of Mountaintop-Removal Coal Mining, which documents the coal industry’s assault on the landscape and people of Appalachia. The book receives multiple honors, including being named the Independent Publisher Book Awards Outstanding Book of the Year in the “Freedom Fighter” category.
    Read more
  33. 2010
    Trail-building begins at the Patagonia National Park project: CP breaks ground on the new trail system. This first trail, Lagunas Altas, has already been named one of Patagonia’s best five treks.
    Read more about the trails at the park
  34. FDE publishes CAFO: The Tragedy of Industrial Animal Factories, a large-format book that shines a spotlight on concentrated animal feeding operations—“CAFOs”—the inhumane and ecologically destructive factory farms where increasing amounts of the world’s meat, milk, and eggs are produced.
    Read more
  35. 2011
    First campground at Patagonia National Park project opens: Westwinds at Los Alamos, the first major campground at the future Patagonia National Park, begins welcoming visitors.
    Read more about Westwinds Campground
  36. CAFO and its companion volume The CAFO Reader are named the Independent Publishers Book Award Outstanding Books of the Year in the category “Most Likely to Save the Planet.”
  37. 2012
    CLT publishes Corcovado: Chile's Wilderness Jewel. This photo-format book chronicles the birth of Chile’s newest major national park. Produced in Spanish and English editions, the book features essays from several of the principals in the park’s creation including former president Ricardo Lagos.
    Read more
  38. Energy Book Published: FDE publishes Energy: Overdevelopment and the Delusions of Endless Growth in partnership with the Post Carbon Institute. The book provides a photographic overview to the environmental consequences of energy production in all its industrial forms.
    Read more
  39. 2013
    El Rincón donated to expand Perito Moreno National Park: CP donates the 37,000-acre El Rincón property to the Argentine National Parks system, adding spectacular terrain to Perito Moreno National Park.
    Read more about El Rincón
  40. Monte León National Park Published: Produced by FDE’s publications team and published by The Conservation Land Trust, Monte León National Park celebrates the first coastal national park on the mainland of Argentine Patagonia.
    Read more
  41. 2014
    Yendegaia National Park created, protecting 150,612 hectares in the south of Tierra del Fuego, Chile.
    Read more about Yendegaia
  42. The Conservation Land Trust publishes the book Giant Anteater: A Homecoming to Iberá, which tells the story of the successful reintroduction project taking place in the Iberá Natura Reserve.
    Read more in our Publishing Program
  43. Parklands Book Series unveils large-format photo books celebrating Yendegaia National Park in Chile, Perito Moreno National Park in Argentine Patagonia, and the great Iberá wetlands of northern Argentina.
    Read more about the books: Yendegaia, Perito Moreno, and Iberá.
  44. 2015
    In Chile’s Chacabuco Valley, after a decade of concerted effort to restore the land, recover wildlife populations, and build public-access infrastructure, CP formally inaugurates Patagonia Park.
    Visit the Patagonia Park website
  45. FDE publishes the photo-format book Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot as the publication centerpiece of the Global Population Speak Out, a campaign led by Population Media Center.
    Read more
  46. Following years of study, preparation, and construction, CLT launches its effort to return jaguars to the Iberá. A quarantine facility and captive breeding enclosure for the big cats at CLT’s San Alonso Reserve welcomes its first jaguars.
    Read more about our Iberá Project
  47. Kris Tompkins meets with Argentine President Mauricio Macri to discuss the creation of Iberá National Park in the Corrientes Province.
  48. 2016

    CLT donates the first sector of land (Cambyretá sector) to the National Parks Administration for the creation of Iberá National Park.
    Vatch video (in Spanish)


Copyright 2012-2019 Tompkins Conservation | | Email:
"Douglas Tompkins: A Wild Legacy" Short Film | Wild Legacy: A Salute to the Remarkable Life of Douglas Tompkins